Override files with out using the OVRDBF command

Learn how to override files with out using the OVRDBF command. There's no need to open and close each file in succession.

Sometimes an ILE RPG program needs to operate on several different files serially (e.g., a print utility that processes

all the data members of a particular file object), opening and closing each file in succession. In these cases, you often want to avoid the overhead of program initiation and instead just open each file in turn within the program. But to do so, you must override the database file using the OVRDBF command, which normally requires the existing CL program.

You can, however, execute the OVRDBF command within the RPGLE program using the QCMDEXC API. In either case we are taking the help of another program to override the file.

Can't we do this with out using any program or even without using the OVRDBF command? The answer is yes; we can achieve this in V5R1 using EXTFILE and EXTMBR operation codes.


Let us consider a file FILE1, which is having three members say MBR1, MBR2 and MBR3. Now I want to process all members' data in a single program with out using OVRDBF, how we can do? See the following sample code.

 
FFile1     if   e             Disk    Extfile(FilNam) ExtMbr(MbrNam)
F                                            UsrOpn                        
 *                                                                  
D FilNam            s             10a   Inz                           
D MbrNam          s             10a   Inz                           
 *                                                                  
 * Process first member data.                                       
 *                                                                  
C                   Eval      FilNam  =  'FILE1'                    
C                   Eval      MbrNam  =  'MBR1'                     
 *                                                                  
C                   Open      File1                                 
C                   Read      File1                                 
 *                                                                  
C                   DoW       Not %Eof(File1)                       
C                                                                   
C                                                                   
C                                                                   
C                   EndDo                                           
C                   Close     File1                   
 *                                                    
 * Process second member data.                        
 *                                                    
C                   Eval      FilNam  =  'FILE1'      
C                   Eval      MbrNam  =  'MBR2'       
 *                                                    
C                   Open      File1                   
C                   Read      File1                   
 *                                                    
C                   DoW       Not %Eof(File1)         
C                                                     
C                                                     
C                                                     
C                   EndDo                             
C                   Close     File1                   
 *                                                    
 * Process Third member data.                         
 *                                                    
C                   Eval      FilNam  =  'FILE1'  
C                   Eval      MbrNam  =  'MBR3'   
 *                                                
C                   Open      File1               
C                   Read      File1               
 *                                                
C                   DoW       Not %Eof(File1)     
C                                                  
C                                                 
C                                                 
C                   EndDo                         
C                   Close     File1    

With this code we can override the files without using the OVRDBF command and QCMDEXC API.

All these are BIG changes in RPG Land!

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This was first published in November 2002

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