1. It will work on any (*) database file, with any number of fields. The program will be invoked by a command, which will pass the qualified file name in the standard format of: file name in first 10 bytes, library name in second 10 bytes. This can easily be changed to accept separate parameters of file name and library name, if required.
2. The program will update only character fields, replacing each hex byte below x'40' (space) with a space. Obviously, we don't want to update packed or binary fields in this way! I also don't think it's advisable to update invalid bytes of a zoned field with zeroes.
3. A message of the form "n record(s) out of m updated in file x" will be sent to the user.
* Well, almost. The program-described file will not handle null fields. For these, we must use embedded SQL or the C record-oriented I/O functions.
RPG program, FIXHEX: H Option(*SRCSTMT : *NODEBUGIO) H Dftactgrp(*NO) Actgrp('FIX') FFile uf f32766 disk usropn FQadspffd if e disk usropn D Record ds D Inrec 1 Dim(32766) D QualFile s 20 D FileV s 21 Varying D CmdStr s 150 D CmdLen s 15 5 Inz(%Size(CmdStr)) D IndDS ds Based(@Ind) D Ind n Dim(%Elem(Inrec)) D I s 5 0 D BadHex s n D RcdUpd s 10u 0 D RcdTot s 10u 0 D sds D User 254 263 C *Entry Plist C Parm QualFile C Pcmd Plist C Parm CmdStr C Parm CmdLen C Eval FileV = %Trimr(%Subst(QualFile : 11 : 10)) + C '/' + C %Trimr(%Subst(QualFile : 1 : 10)) * Generate DSPFFD outfile for received file. C Eval CmdStr = 'DSPFFD ' + FileV + C ' *OUTFILE OUTFILE(QTEMP/QADSPFFD)' C Call 'QCMDEXC' Pcmd C Eval CmdStr = 'OVRDBF QADSPFFD QTEMP/QADSPFFD' C Call 'QCMDEXC' Pcmd C Open Qadspffd * Allocate and populate list of character field bytes in received file. C Read Qadspffd C Alloc Whrlen @Ind C Dow Not %Eof(Qadspffd) C If Whfldt = 'A' C Eval %Subst(IndDS : Whibo : Whfldb) = *ON C Else C Eval %Subst(IndDS : Whibo : Whfldb) = *OFF C Endif C Read Qadspffd C Enddo * Override program-described file to received file. C Eval CmdStr = 'OVRDBF FILE ' + FileV C Call 'QCMDEXC' Pcmd C Open File * Loop through received file, replacing each character byte below ' ' with ' '. C Read File Record C Dow Not %Eof(File) C Eval BadHex = *OFF C Eval RcdTot = RcdTot + 1 * Check each character byte in record. C For I = 1 to Whrlen C If Inrec(I) < ' ' and Ind(I) C Eval Inrec(I) = ' ' C Eval BadHex = *ON C Endif C Endfor * Update record if any bad hex bytes found. C If BadHex C Update File Record C Eval RcdUpd = RcdUpd + 1 C Endif C Read File Record C Enddo * Tell user how many records were updated. C Eval CmdStr = 'SNDMSG TOUSR(' + %Trimr(User) + C ') MSG(''FIXHEX: ' + %Char(RcdUpd) + C ' record(s) out of ' + C %Char(RcdTot) + C ' updated in file ' + FileV + '.'')' C Call 'QCMDEXC' Pcmd C Eval *INLR = *ON Command, FIXHEX: (A validation program could also be included, if desired.) CMD PROMPT('Fix Invalid Hex Data') PARM KWD(FILE) TYPE(QUALNAME) MIN(1) PROMPT('File') QUALNAME: QUAL TYPE(*NAME) QUAL TYPE(*NAME) DFT(*LIBL) SPCVAL((*LIBL) + (*CURLIB)) PROMPT('Library')
This was first published in January 2002